My talk this morning deals with the descendants of William Dillard who came west by way of Kentucky. We do not know much about William, who died at the Battle of Eutah Springs in 1781. I will conclude this talk with a summation of current work being done on him and his wife, Mary Norman Dillard. I would like also to acknowledge some Dillard researchers who have done the bulk of work that makes this talk possible. Lucile Johnson, Howard Jones, Irene Fulton and Dorothy Dillard Hughes have contributed a lot of material which deals with William. My father, John H. Dillard did the work that resulted in his book, William Dillard Who Was Killed in the Revolutionary War, His Parents, Their Family, His Family and Some Descendants. Without his work, this talk would not be possible.
I would like to make a correction to his book as to who were the parents of William of Eutah and James of Laurens. My father and other researchers had placed them as sons of George Dillard of Muddy Run in Culpeper County. This was done despite the heirs of William not being mentioned in George's will of 1790. This past year Lucille Johnson turned up some information indicating that there were indeed two James Dillard in that generation and it became highly unlikely that James of Laurens could have been a son of George of Muddy Run. Dorothy Dillard Hughes believes these two may have been sons of John Dillard of Broomfield Parish on the Hazel Fork of the Rappahannock.
I will comment here on the features of Culpeper County. The Rappahannock and the Rapidan Rivers form most of the boundaries of Culpeper County as well as define many of its interior features. Mountain Run raises in central Culpeper County and flows east to the Rappahannock. Muddy Run heads a bit further north and flows east into the Little Fork of the Rappahannock. The Little Fork bisects the northern third of the county east to west. Where the Little Fork branches in northwestern Culpeper County, the northern branch becomes the Gourdvine or Thornton's River. The southern branch is the Hazel River from which splits the Hughes River. The Hughes River is part of the county line between Culpeper and Rappahannock Counties. I find it convenient for myself to refer to these various Dillards by where I know them to have had property in the county.
To continue, then, with the point of this talk, I will return to William and Mary Norman Dillard. Their children were as follows: William, Jr. (1771-1829), John (1772-1833), Mary Wharton called Molly (1774- 183?), George (1775-1840), Sarah Lansdown called Sally (1776- 1818) James, my ancestor, (1777-1852), Nancy Norman (1778-1830) and Elizabeth Baldwin called Betsey (1781-1830). I am listing their probable birth dates as reference for the current John T. Dillard work I will discuss a bit later in the talk. The three older boys went to South Carolina with their Uncle James of Laurens and spent their lives there.
James went to Kentucky about 1810 with his in laws, the Robert English family. James has been credited with having up to three wives but it is my feeling that he only had two. The first was a widow, Jane English Edrington. The second wife was Cynthia Ann Haywood, who was reputed to be part Indian.
James and his first wife had at least seven children before she died. Their children were Nancy Matthis, John, Sarah Raine, Mahalda Love, Jane Allen, Mary Raine and Matilda Moore. I will point out here that where I can I refer to daughters by their married name. Another trick that makes it easier for me to keep relatives straight is to follow in laws. I can find no clear date of when Jane Dillard died but it was after they came to Kentucky in that at least two of their children were born there. I think we can assume she died in either 1812 or 1813, most probably 1813.
James then married Cynthia Ann Haywood, daughter of John Haywood. We believe Cynthia's mother's name may have been Rachel but we have no proof for that. Cynthia was probably born about 1800. She and James were married in August, 1814. They had nine children between 1814 and 1839. Their children were James Madison, William, Rachel Kendall, my ancestor Samuel, George Washington, Thomas, Mariah Brown, Martha Kendall, and Daniel Hayden. James died in 1852 and is buried on the family farm near Elizabethtown, Kentucky. Cynthia died in 1872 and is buried in the same private cemetery.
Over the years the children of the two marriages went their own separate ways. Several did go west. Phillip and Joseph Raine who were probably brothers who married Sarah and Mary from the first family which went into Northern Missouri. Samuel followed them buying property from a Raine on Bear Creek in the Fairmont District of Clark County, Missouri.
Two of Sam's brothers also went west. Thomas and Daniel H. went to California and then back to Nevada which was in a boom in 1860. Thomas spent the rest of his life in the Virginia City and Wadsworth area. D. H. took up land in Churchill County and became a successful rancher. His property is now part of the Naval Air Station at Fallon. Both brothers are buried at the Wadsworth cemetery. Wadsworth was a major Nevada city from the late 1860's until after the turn of the century when the Southern Pacific moved its roundhouse and yard operation to Sparks. Today it is just a small ghost town.
Both D. H. and Thomas had children who moved on to California around the turn of the century. Thomas had at least ten children. My father visited with one of Thomas's sons in Salinas, California in the 1960's. D. H. had six children. Here, again, contact has been lost over the years.
Samuel married Mary Robinson in 1846. They moved to Northern Missouri in the early 1850's, probably 1854 judging by where their children were born. They had ten children. They were Maria E. Tull called Lizzie (1847-1916), Sarah Anderson called Sadie (1850-?), Mary Francis Fifer (1853-1881), Nancy (1855-1856), Cynthia Ellen Dillard (1856-
Sam died in early 1865 as the result of smallpox. He had been wounded and left for dead by a Union militia group operating in Clark County in late summer of 1864. He was an invalid for the rest of his life. He and a daughter died of smallpox. Family tradition is that the neighbors dug the graves on the farm and built the caskets but the family had to place the bodies in the caskets, take them to the grave sites and bury them. That was how strong the fear of smallpox was in those days. The other children who died in their youth are buried at the Bear Creek Baptist Church about two miles from the farm.
Another related family which came into Missouri with Samuel was Mary's sisters family, the Herbeths. They took land on the Fabius River bottom about two miles away from Sam and in Knox County. I would like to call attention to Cynthia Ellen Dillard. She married a cousin, John Wilson, who was a son of James Madison Dillard. She was the only one of my grandfather's immediate family that my father knew as they lived close to them in southern Missouri when my father was a boy.
Maria married Joseph Tull. Tull, his brother Ed, and a son in law, Jim Owen, moved west in the late 1870s. They went first to northern California at or near the mining camp of Oro Fino. Oro Fino was west of Yreka in the Scott River Valley. My wife and I went to it a few years back. You can not tell there was a mining camp there. It is now a mountain meadow sprinkled with Ponderosa pines. They moved on to near Bly, Oregon on the Klamath-Lake County line. They took homesteads on the headwaters of Sprague River near the foot of Quartz Mountain.
Maria and her husband as well as some of their children are buried in the cemetery at Lakeview, Oregon. Their daughter Mary Eugenia called Jenny married Jim Owen. Daughter Nora L married Fred McKendree. Jenny and Jim Owen had four children, two boys and two girls. The girls married ranchers and the boys went to logging.
Fred and Nora had no children and are buried at Grant's Pass, Oregon.
John Morgan and a cousin George Herbeths came west to Nevada in 1885. George stayed in Nevada to become a successful store owner. He died in Reno in 1938.
John Morgan came on to Oregon where his sister was. He homesteaded south of Bly along the Barnes Valley Creek. This is in high country, nearly all of it being about 5000 feet in elevation. His 160 acre homestead was stacked, one 40 atop another following the creek meadow. He was about thirteen miles airline from his sister.
Sam's widow, Mary came west about 1890 and took a homestead on the back side of the Middle Fishhole meadow. This put her eight miles from her daughter and five from her son. These are airline miles. Road miles tend to be a bit further. Mary returned east and died in Kentucky in 1901 at the home of her daughter, Cynthia near Rineyville.
John Morgan stayed in Klamath County and purchased more land along Barnes Creek from a fellow rancher known as Horsefly Miller. This land was a bit lower than his homestead but not much. We have records of him making pine butter buckets that were used to store and transport butter to the market.
John Morgan married Minnie Belle Bussey in 1898. Her family had come to the Lorrella area of Klamath County in the early 1880's. Her father, Henry Garland Bussey, was born at Zebulon, Georgia about 1850 and went west to the Red River Valley of Texas where he married A. C. Dayton Haynes. They decided that section of Texas had too many diseases and was in a poor climate to raise a family. They came west to near Portland, Oregon. They decided that land had too many stumps to either dig out of the ground or farm around. Klamath County was found to be more to their liking.
John and Minnie had six children. All except the two youngest were born on the Horsefly property. Their children are Oren Bussey(1900-1931), Florence Alice Ogle (1902-1956), Eva Grace Bowman (1903-1988), Zena May Barks (1904-1986), John Henry (1908) and Uel Sterling (1910-1973). They left Oregon and moved to near Mountain Grove, Missouri in 1907. John Morgan died there in 1918 of the effects of diabetes and measles.
In 1919, Minnie brought her family back to Klamath County where her family was. Her son, Oren, died as a young man in 1931. The other five married and raised families. My generation has thirteen cousins, all still living. We have a total of 31 children, 29 of which are alive. I did a rough count on grandchildren and came up with about twenty-one. I do not believe that there are any great grandchildren as of yet. Minnie Bussey Dillard died in 1963 and is buried beside her son, Oren, at the Merrill IOOF Cemetery.
I would like to close this talk by returning to William and Mary Norman Dillard and give a quick brush over on research in progress. We have some puzzles there. Mary, widow of William, received a pension for his service from 1792 until her death about 1815. She died in possession of 300 acres which her children sold. That sale was completed in 1818. The Culpeper county government obviously recognized her claim to the property when they assisted the heirs in making the property ready for sale and then allowed the heirs to sell it.
The heirs of Mary's brother James sued the owners of the property in 1830 claiming that it should have gone to their father as the oldest son of Joseph Norman. The court did not find in their favor. But, the depositions raise some questions.
Molly Wharton, the oldest daughter, stated that she was about sixty-five years of age.
We have a good many questions to ask about the ages of William and Mary Dillard. If we assume that Mary and William are close in age and that both were born about 1752, the Norman family has a gap between her and her brother, James, of about twenty years. If Molly's stated age is correct, then Mary and William must have been born in the 1740s. Perhaps there is census information out there which can help us.
The three hundred acres. Joseph Norman owned 238 acres near Hickman's Mountain in Broomfield Parish which we can prove he owned. He willed his grandson, Issac, 100 acres of it. What happened to the other 138 acres? John Dillard, who may have been the father of William and James, owned 466 acres in Broomfield Parish. There are 326 acres of that property that can not be accounted for. There is a strong probability that John, his daughter, Elizabeth Strother, and his son in law, Robert Strother, sold out and left Culpeper County about 1794. Lucile Johnson thinks they may have gone to Kentucky near where James Dillard landed later. Certainly, the Dillard-Strother connection needs further investigation.
When we total the land involved in the 1830 suit, it comes to 340 acres. It is obvious that there still needs to be more research done to find where Mary Dillard's property came from. Did Joseph own more than 238 acres there? Did the property come from John Dillard? Or did the property come from both Dillard and Norman? I don't know. Only this past spring have I been able to start placing Dillard property in old Culpeper County with any level of comfort. I am hopeful that more research on property records in Culpeper and Rappahannock Counties may answer some of these questions. I have been able to place Broomfield Church which narrowed the area which Broomfield Parish covered. The Parish went out of existence in 1801 but I got very lucky in the courthouse and driving around the county. It was on property that John Dillard and Robert Strother were involved with and is in present Rappahannock County. I am of the opinion that I will find Hickman's Mountain is also in Rappahannock. Perhaps by this time next year I can locate some answers to some of these questions.
June 19, 1997: This is a little follow up to my talk at the reunion. First, thanks to Irene Fulton and Lucile Johnson for making available the following extracts from Hope A. Hilton's Edwin and Elander Hickman, Some Progenitors and Descendants, Early Pioneers of Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Missouri and Utah, third edition, August 1978, publisher unknown, which reads at pages 31 and 32:
"In September 1967 when I visited in Rappahannock County, I was told where 'Hickman Run' was located. (see map at end of chapter). 'Hickerson Mountain' also on the map was formerly 'Hickman Mountain'. I drove 1 1/2 miles north of Flint Hill, Virginia where the road intersects 'Hickman Run', a small stream of clear water 3 - 6 feet across."
At page 39 it is stated: "In the 1770's this mountain was called 'Hickman Mountain'. When the name 'Hickerson' was substituted is unknown."
Second, thanks to Dorothy Dillard Hughes for the wonderful map of "Old Culpeper County" which she has put together. "Old Culpeper" contained all of today's Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock Counties. Madison was split off in 1800 and Rappahannock was formed in 1833. So in the time frame we are dealing with all three existing counties were together.
When Lucile sent me the excerpts from the Hilton book, I went to a Virginia road map and located Flint Hill. It is well inside modern Rappahannock County. Another lead for me to work with in pinpointing Hickman Mountain. At the reunion Dorothy illustrated her talk with the map she had assembled from Virginia County road maps that are put out by the state Department of Transportation.
After her talk, I went froward and examined the map. There was Flint Hill. There was Hickerson Mountain and just above it was Hickman Run. This is not positive proof of where my ancestors may have had property in Old Culpeper but I believe it is a giant step forward. I am hopeful that by next reunion that Hickman's Mountain will be proved by land records.
Again, thanks are due Irene Fulton, Lucile Johnson and Dorothy Dillard Hughes for this advice.